Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a cluster of symptoms characterised by a short attention span resulting in poor concentration, impulsivity and hyperactivity.
The three main symptoms are:
There are three main types of ADHD:
- Combined type ADHD – Signs of both hyperactivity and inattention.
- Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD – More significant problems with hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- Predominantly inattentive type ADHD – Mainly problems with inattention and fewer problems with hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Diagnosis on ADHD should not be made exclusively on ratings, scales, questionnaires or tests. Evaluation should be designed to answer three questions:
- DSM-IV criteria present and causing impairment
- Have some incidents been present before adulthood?
- Are there any alternative explanations for presence of ADHD like symptoms?
How is it treated?
Although there is no cure for ADHD, treatment can help control symptoms.
- Education for the patient and family about symptoms and how these impact on their lives and other’s. Academic counselling and / or educational accommodation can be offered.
- Medication such as Ritalin and Concerta are both effective in controlling symptoms in children, however; studies show that improvement is more significant when medication is coupled with CBT.
- Lifestyle Changes can be implemented. Effective strategies for time management, organisation and structure are beneficial, as well as improved health habits, such as healthy eating, sleep and exercise.
- Family Therapy can help the family to understand the ADHD patient, therefore providing more support. This will in turn improve the quality of the family relationship.
Information on our private treatment centres can be found by following the links below: