Personality Disorder (PD)
Personality disorders are a range of conditions that affect your thoughts, emotions and behaviour. If you have a personality disorder, you probably find it difficult to deal with other people.
A phobia is an extreme or irrational fear, for example a fear of heights or animals. Phobias are estimated to affect 1 in 40 adults a year.
See Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit.
See Postnatal Depression.
Postnatal Depression (PND)
The birth of a baby is an emotional experience and, for many new mothers, feeling tearful and depressed is also common. However, sometimes longer periods of depression, known as postnatal depression (PND), can occur during the first few weeks and months of the baby's life. PND can have a variety of physical and emotional symptoms, but it can be treated.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
If you have experienced a traumatic event, you may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the days, weeks or months after the incident. Although such events can be very difficult to come to terms with, confronting your feelings and seeking professional help is often the only way of effectively treating PTSD.
PRN means 'when necessary' or 'as needed'. PRN medication is medication that may be given to you as and when you need it, but is not given to you regularly. For example PRN medication may be given to you to reduce agitation, distress or aggression at a particular time.
A Psychiatrist is a medical doctor with specialist experience and qualifications in mental illness and emotional disorders. Your Psychiatrist has overall responsibility for your care. This includes your medication and other activities you may take part in whilst in hospital.
Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
A Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is a locked hospital ward to support you in a very severe acute phase of mental illness.
Psychoanalytic / Psychodynamic Therapy
A 'talking treatment' which looks at how your past relationships might be affecting how you currently feel, think and behave. It can be done individually or in a group.
Psychological therapies are also known as 'talking therapies' or 'talking treatments'. They are ways of helping people through talking. They give you the chance to talk about, explore and deal with problems, with a trained psychological therapist.
A psychologist is someone who has done a psychology degree, then further training in helping people with emotional or psychological problems. Psychologists can offer you therapy which involves talking about your difficulties and working together to overcome them. They are different from psychiatrists in that they are not medically trained and do not prescribe medication.
Disorders involving distorted perceptions of reality - thinking, feeling, hearing and seeing - often with symptoms of hallucinations and delusions.
A psychotherapist is someone who has trained to carry out one or more of the psychotherapies. They can be from any professional background - or none. They should be registered with a professional psychotherapy organisation in the UK.
Psychotherapy is a 'talking treatment' which aims to help people to understand their mental or emotional problems, change behaviour and thoughts or emotions to improve their well-being. This can refer to any form of psychological therapy but is often specifically applied to psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
See Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.